What is Flyball?
The North American Flyball Association, Inc. (NAFA®) was established in 1984, when 12 flyball
clubs in Michigan and Ontario banded together to guide the development of flyball in North America. Today,
with over 400 active clubs and 6,500 competing dogs, NAFA is recognized as the world's leading authority on
flyball and the sport's top sanctioning organization. NAFA is a nonprofit organization.
Flyball got its start in the late 1960's and early 1970's, when a group of dog trainers in Southern
California created scent discrimination hurdle racing, then put a guy at the end to throw tennis balls
to the dogs when they finished the jump line. It didn't take long for the group to decide to build some
sort of tennis ball-launching apparatus, and the first flyball box was born. Herbert Wagner is credited
with developing the first flyball box, and apparently he did a flyball demo on the Tonight Show
with Johnny Carson that got a lot of peoples attention. Subsequently, the new dog sport for dog enthusiasts
was introduced in the Toronto-Detroit area by several dog training clubs. After a few small tournaments
were held in conjunction with dog shows, the first ever flyball tournament was held in 1983.
Mike Randall wrote the first NAFA rulebook in 1985, and was also the first NAFA Executive Director. The
first head judge was Dave Samuels.
Flyball races match two teams of four dogs each, racing side-by-side over a 51 foot long course. Each
dog must run in relay fashion down the jumps, trigger a flyball box, releasing the ball, retrieve the
ball, and return over the jumps. The next dog is released to run the course but can't cross the start/finish
line until the previous dog has returned over all 4 jumps and reached the start/finish line. The first
team to have all 4 dogs finish the course without error wins the heat.
Jump height is determined by the smallest dog on the team – this dog, called the "height dog",
is measured at the withers, then that number is rounded down to the nearest inch and another 5" is
subtracted to get the jump height (with the minimum jump height being 7"). So a 13 1/4" dog would round
down to 13", minus 5", would jump 8". Maximum jump height is 14".
In the early days of flyball, there were no start lights and no passing lights. All of the starts and
passes were called by the line judges, who also used hand-held stopwatches to time the races. The race
was started by the head judge; the judge would do a basic "ready, set, go" and blow the whistle on the
"go". Minimum jump heights were 10", and were determined by measuring the smallest dog on the team at
the withers and rounding up or down to the nearest inch (so a 13 1/2" dog would jump 13", while a 13
3/4" dog would jump 14").
With the onset of the Electronic Judging System (EJS), which uses lights and infrared timing sensors,
competitors were suddenly able to track their starts, passes, finishes, and individual dogs' times to
the thousandth of a second. It's hard to imagine racing without an EJS in this day and age. Many teams
run all 4 dogs through the course in less than 20 seconds. The NAFA World Record is now 15.22.
NAFA tournaments are divided into divisions so that teams compete against other teams of equal abilities.
All dogs including mixed breeds are eligible to compete and earn titles in NAFA sanctioned tournaments.
Titles are earned via a point system based on the time it takes a dog's
team to complete each heat race.
NAFA sanctions over 300 tournaments a year across North America.
If you enjoyed this little bit of flyball history and would like to read more, visit
the Flyball History page,
compiled by Jim Sova.